Home Fascicolo n.2/2011 Bibliografia
La lombalgia nell'atleta: analisi dei fattori di rischio
pubblicato nel Marzo - Aprile 2011 ne Il Fisioterapista - fascicolo n.2


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  3. Videman T et al. Lifetime exercise and disk degeneration: an MRI study of monozygotic twins. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1997; 29(10): 1350-6.

  4. d’Hemecourt PA, Gerbino PG 2 nd , Micheli LJ. Back injuries in the young athlete. Clin Sports Med 2000; 19(4): 663-79.

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  8. Lundin O et al. Back pain and radiological changes in the thoraco-lumbar spine of athletes. A long-term follow up. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2001; 11(2): 103-9.

  9. Fairbank JC et al. Influence of anthropometric factors and joint laxity in the incidence of adolescence back pain. Spine 1984; 9(5): 461-4.

  10. Nadler SF et al. Low back pain in college athletes. A prospective study correlating lower extremity overuse or acquired ligamentous laxity with low back pain. Spine 1998; 23(7): 828-33.

  11. Triano JJ, Schultz AB. Correlation of objective measure of trunk motion and muscle function with low-back disability ratings. Spine 1987; 12(6): 561-5.

  12. Pope MH et al. The relationship between anthropometric, postural, muscular and mobility characteristics of males ages 18-55. Spine 1985; 10(7): 644-8.

  13. Hodges PW, Richardson CA. Inefficient muscular stabilization of the lumbar spine associated with low back pain. A motor control evaluation of trasversus abdominis. Spine 1996; 21(22): 2640-50.

  14. Cresswell AG, Grundstrom H, Thorstensson A. Observations on intra-abdominal pressure and patterns of abdominal intra-muscular activity in man. Acta Physiol Scand 1992; 144(4): 409-18.

  15. Cholewicki J, McGill SM. Mechanical stability of the in vivo lumbar spine: implications for injury and chronic low back pain. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 1996; 11(1): 1-15.

  16. McGill SM. Low back stability: from formal description to issues for performance and rehabilitation. Exerc Sport Sci Rev 2001; 29(1): 26-31.

  17. Taimela S, Kankaanpaa M, Luoto S. The effect of lumbar fatigue on the ability to sense a change in lumbar position. A controlled study. Spine 1999; 24(13): 1322-7.

  18. Parnianpour M et al. 1988 Volvo award in biomechanics. The triaxial coupling of torque generation of trunk muscles during isometric exertions and the effect of fatiguing isoinertial movements on the motor output and movement patterns. Spine 1988; 13(9): 982-92.

  19. Ng JK et al. Effect of fatigue on torque output and electro-myographic measures of trunk muscles during isometric axial rotation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2003; 84(3): 374-81.

  20. NB. Clinical anatomy of the lumbar spine and sacrum. 3 rd ed. New York: Churchill-Livingstone; 1997.

  21. Plowman SA. Physical activity, physical fitness, and low back pain. Exerc Sport Sci Rev 1992; 20: 221-42.

  22. Nadler SF et al. Hip muscle imbalance and low back pain in athletes: influence of core strengthening. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2002; 34(1): 9-16.

  23. Leinonen V et al. Back and hip extensor activities during trunk flexion/extension: effects of low back pain and rehabilitation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 200; 81(1): 32-7.

  24. Beckman SM, Buchanan TS. Ankle inversion injury and hyper-mobility: effecton hip and ankle muscle electromyography onset latency. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1995; 76(12): m1138-43.

  25. Bullock-Saxton JE, Janda V, Bullock MI. The influence of ankle sprain injury on muscle activation during hip extension. Int J Sports Med 1994; 15(6): 330-4.

  26. Sward L, Eriksson B, Peterson L. Anthropometric characteristics, passive hip flexion, and spinal mobility in relation to back pain in athletes. Spine 1990; 15(5): 376-82.

  27. Gajdosik RL. Hamstring stretching and posture. Phys Ther 1997; 77(4): 438-9.

  28. Li Y, McClure PW, Pratt N. The effect of hamstring muscle stretching on standing posture and on lumbar and hip motions during forward bending. Phys Ther 1996; 76(8): 836-45. Discussion 845-9.

  29. Giles LG, Taylor JR. Low back pain associated with leg length inequality. Spine 1981; 6(5): 510-21.

  30. Trainor TJ, Wiesel SW. Epidemiology of back pain in the athlete. Clin Sports Med 2002; 21(1): 93-103.

  31. Nadler SF et al. Relationship between hip muscle imbalance and occurrence of low back pain in collegiate athletes: a prospective study. Am J Phys med Rehabil 2001; 80(8): 572-7.

  32. Koes BW et al. Physiotherapy exercises and back pain: a blinded review. BMJ 1991; 302(6792): 1572-6.

  33. Carpenter DM, Nelson BW. Low back strengthening for the prevention and treatment of low back pain. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1999; 31(1): 18-24.

  34. O’Sullivan PB et al. Evaluation of specific stabilizing exercise in the treatment of chronic low back pain with radiologic diagnosis of spondylolysis or spondylolisthesis. Spine 1997; 22(24): 2959-67.

  35. Hodges PW. Core stability exercise in chronic low back pain. Orthop Clin North Am 2003; 34(2): 245-54.

  36. Ebenbichler GR et al. Sensory-motor control of the lower back: implications for rehabilitation. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2001; 33(11): 1889-98.

  37. Moseley GL, Hodges PW, Gandevia Sc. External perturbation of the trunk in standing humans differentially activates components of the medial back muscles. J Physiol 2003; 547(Pt 2): 581-7.

  38. Leinonen V et al. Disc herniation-related back pain impairs feed-forward control of paraspinal muscles. Spine 2001; 26(16): E367-72.

  39. Crisco JJ, III, Panjabi MM. The intersegmental and multisegmental muscles of the lumbar spine. A biomechanical model comparing lateral stabilizing potential. Spine 1991; 16(7): 793-9.

  40. Hides JA, Richardson CA, Jull GA. Multifidus muscle recovery is not automatic after resolution of acute, first-episode lo back pain. Spine 1996; 21(23): 2763-9.

  41. Hides JA et al. Evidence of lumbar multifidus muscle wasting ipsilateral to symptoms in patients with acute/subacute low back pain. Spine 1994; 19(2): 165-72.

  42. Arokosky JP et al. Back and hip extensor muscle function during therapeutic exercises. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1999; 80(7): 842-50.

  43. Hodges PW, Richardson CA. Delayed postural contraction of transversus abdominis in low back pain associated with movement of the lower limb. J Spinal Disord 1998; 11(1): 46-56.

  44. Hides JA, Jull GA, Richardson CA. Long-term effects of specific stabilizing exercises for first-episode low back pain. Spine 2001; 26(11): E243-8.

  45. McGill SM, Childs A. Liebenson C. Endurance times for low back stabilization exercises: clinical targets for testing and training from a normal database. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1999; 80(8): 941-4.

  46. Akuthota V, Nadler SF. Core strengthening. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2004; 85(3 Suppl 1): S86-92.

  47. Axler CT, McGill SM. Low back loads over a variety of abdominal exercises: searching for the safest abdominal challenge. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1997; 29(6): 804-11.

  48. Graves JE et al. Pelvic stabilization during resistance training: its effect on the development of lumbar extension strength. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1994; 75(2): 210-5.

  49. Kollmitzer J et al. Effects of back extensor strength training versus balance training on postural control. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2000; 32(10): 1770-6.

  50. Sculco AD et al. Effects of aerobic exercise on low back pain patients in treatment. Spine J 2001; 1(2): 95-101.

  51. Linton SJ, Hallden K. Can we screen for problematic back pain ? A screening questionnaire for predicting outcome in acute and subacute back pain. Clin J Pain 1998; 14(3): 209-15.