Home Fascicolo n.5/2020 Bibliografia
Deambulazione in acqua: soggetti sani
pubblicato nel Settembre - Ottobre 2020 ne Il Fisioterapista - fascicolo n.5


  1. Masumoto K, Takasugi S, Hotta N, Fujishima K, Iwamoto Y. Electromyographic analysis of walking in water in healthy humans. J Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci 2004; 23: 119-27.
  2. Miyoshi T, Shirota T, Yamamoto S, Nakazawa K, Akai M. Effect of the walking speed to the lower limb joint angular displacements, joint moments and ground reaction forces during walking in water. Disabil Rehabil 2004; 26(12): 724-3.
  3. Shono T, Masumoto K, Fujishima K, et al. Gait patterns and muscle activity in the lower extremities of elderly women during underwater treadmill walking against water flow. J Physiol Anthropol 2007; 26(6): 579-86.
  4. Masumoto K, Shono T, Takasugi S, et al. Age-related differences in muscle activity, stride frequency and heart rate response during walking in water. J Electromyogr Kinesiol 2007; 17(5): 596-604.
  5. DeVita P, Hortobagyi T. Age causes a redistribution of joint torques and powers during gait. J Appl Physiol (1985) 2000; 88(5): 1804-1.
  6. Winegard KJ, Hicks AL, Sale DG, Vandervoort AA. A 12-year follow-up study of ankle muscle function in older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 1996; 51(3): B202-7.
  7. Barela AM, Duarte M. Biomechanical characteristics of elderly individuals walking on land and in water. J Electromyogr Kinesiol 2008; 18(3): 446-54.
  8. Masumoto K, Takasugi S, Hotta N, Fujishima K, Iwamoto Y. A comparison of muscle activity and heart rate response during backward and forward walking on an underwater treadmill. Gait Posture 2007; 25(2): 222-8.
  9. Masumoto K, Hamada A, Tomonaga HO, Kodama K, Amamoto Y, Nishizaki Y, Hotta N. Physiological and perceptual responses to backward and forward treadmill walking in water. Gait Posture 2009; 29(2): 199-203.
  10. Dolbow DR, Farley RS, Kim JK, Caputo JL. Oxygen consumption, heart rate, rating of perceived exertion, and systolic blood pressure with water treadmill walking. J Aging Phys Act 2008; 16(1): 14-23.
  11. Williford HN, Olson MS, Gauger S, Duey WJ, Blessing DL. Cardiovascular and metabolic costs of forward, backward, and lateral motion. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1998; 30(9): 1419-23
  12. Hooper TL, Dunn DM, Props JE, et al. The effects of graded forward and backward walking on heart rate and oxygen consumption. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2004; 34(2): 65-71.
  13. Chaloupka EC, Kang J, Mastrangelo MA, Scott Donnelly M. Cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses during forward and backward walking. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 1997;25(5):302–6.
  14. Shimizu T, Kosaka M, Fujishima K. Human thermoregulatory responses during prolonged walking in water at 25, 30 and 35°C. Eur J Appl Physiol 1998; 78: 473-8.