Clinical Test & Research
Ernia sintomatica del disco lombare: test clinici
published in January - February 2014 - in Il Fisioterapista - issue n.1

There are no translations available.


  1. Gifford L. Acute low cervical nerve root conditions: symptom presentations and pathobiological reasoning. Man Ther 2001; 6(2): 106-15.

  2. Schäfer A, Hall T, Briffa K. Classification of low back related leg pain: a proposed patho-mechanism-based approach. Man Ther 2009; 14(2): 222-30.

  3. Orlandini G. Semeiotica del dolore. I presupposti teorici e la pratica clinica. Manuale d’uso pluridisciplinare. Roma: Antonio Delfino, 2005.

  4. Scholz J, Mannion RJ, Hord DE et al. A novel tool for the assessment of pain: validation in low back pain. PLoS Med 2009; 6(4): e1000047.

  5. Iversen T, Solberg TK, Romner B et al. Accuracy of physical examination for chronic lumbar radiculopathy. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2013; 14: 206.

  6. AAVV. Appropriatezza della diagnosi e del trattamento chirurgico dell’ernia del disco lombare sintomatica Sistema Nazionale per le linee guida, Programma Nazionale per le Linee Guida, 2008.

  7. Van Der Windt DA, Simons E, Riphagen II et al. Physical examination for lumbar radiculopathy due to disc herniation in patients with low-back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010 Feb 17; (2): CD007431.

  8. Cleland JA, Koppenhave S. Netter’s Orthopaedic Clinical Examination: An Evidence-Based Approach. Second Edition, Philadephia (PA): Saunders Elsevier, 2011.

  9. North American Spine Society, Evidence-Based Clinical Guidelines Committee. Clinical guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of lumbar disc herniation with radiculopathy, 2012.

  10. Kreiner DS, Hwang SW, Easa JE et al. An evidence-based clinical guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of lumbar disc herniation with radiculopathy. Spine J 2014; 14(1):180-91.

  11. Al Nezari NH, Schneiders AG, Hendrick PA. Neurological examination of the peripheral nervous system to diagnose lumbar spinal disc herniation with suspected radiculopathy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Spine J 2013; 13(6): 657-74.

  12. Butler DS. Mobilizzazione del sistema nervoso. Milano: Masson Editore, 2001.

There are no translations available.