Isolated radiculopathy caused by symptomatic disc herniation:
analysis of the knee jerk reflex

published in January - February 2019 - in Il Fisioterapista - issue n.1


  1. Waddell G. The back-pain revolution. London: Churchill Livingstone; 2004.
  2. Rubin DI. Epidemiology and risk factors for spine pain. Neurol Clin 2007; 25: 353-71.
  3. Savettieri G, Salemi G, Rocca WA, et al. For the Sicilian Neuro-Epidemiologic Study (SNES) Group. Prevalence of lumbosacral radiculopathy in two Sicilian municipalities. Acta Neurol Scand 1996; 93: 464-9.
  4. Videman T, Nurminen T, Tola S, et al. Low back pain in nurses and some loading factors at work. Spine 1984; 9: 400-4.
  5. Kobayashi S, Baba H, Uchida K, et al. Effect of mechanical compression on the lumbar nerve root: localisation and changes of intraradicular inflammatory cytokines, nitric oxide, and cyclooxygenase. Spine 2005; 30: 1699-705.
  6. Miranda H, Viikari-Juntura E, Martikainen R, et al. Individual factors, occupational loading, and physical exercise as predictors of sciatic pain. Spine 2002; 27: 1102-9.
  7. Tubach F, Beaute J, Leclerc A. Natural history and prognostic indicators of sciatica. J Clin Epidemiol 2004; 57: 174-9.
  8. Mondelli M, Aretini A, Arrigucci U, et al. Clinical findings and electrodiagnostic testing in 108 consecutive cases of lumbosacral radiculopathy due to herniated disc. Neurophysiol Clin 2013; 43(4): 205-15.
  9. Iversen T, Solberg TK, Romner B, et al. Accuracy of physical examination for chronic lumbar radiculopathy. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2013; 14: 206.
  10. Ginanneschi F, Mondelli M, Piu P, Rossi A. Pathophysiology of knee jerk reflex abnormalities in L5 root injury. Funct Neurol 2015; 30(3): 187-91.