Spalla emiplegica dolorosa
published in July - August 2005 - in Il Fisioterapista - issue n.4

There are no translations available.


  1. Hanukah A, Sashika H, Ohkawa T et al. Arthrographic findings in hemiplegic shoulders. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1984; 65(11): 706-11.

  2. Williams J. Electromyographic feedback and the painful hemiplegic shoulder. In: Michel T, ed. Pain. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 1985: 183-206.

  3. Forster A. The painful hemiplegic shoulder: physiotherapy treatment. Rev Clin Gerontol 1994; 4: 343-8.

  4. Najenson T, Pikielni S. Rotator cuff injury in shoulder joints of hemiplegic patients. Scand J Rehabil Med 1971; 3 (3): 131-7.

  5. Van Ouwenaller C, Laplace PM, Chantraine A. Painful shoulder in hemiplegia. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1986; 67(1): 23-6.

  6. Ancliffe J. Shoulder pain in hemiplegia: incidence and influence on movement and recovery of function. Proceedings of the 3rd International Physiotherapy Congress; 1990; Hong Kong.

  7. Roy CW, Sands MR, Hill LD et al. The effect of shoulder pain on outcome of acute hemiplegia. Clin Rehabil 1995; (9): 21-7.

  8. Griffin J. Hemiplegic shoulder pain. Phys Ther 1986; 66(12) :1884-93.

  9. Anderson LT. Shoulder pain in hemiplegia. Am J Occup Ther 1985; 39 (1): 11-9.

  10. Mulley GP. Practical management of stroke. London: Croom Helm; 1985.

  11. Poduri K. Shoulder pain in stroke patients and its effect on rehabilitation. J Stroke Cerebrovascular Dis 1993; (3): 261-6.

  12. Van Langenberghe H, Hogan BM. Degree of pain and grade of subluxation in the painful hemiplegic shoulder. Scand J Rehabil Med 1988; (20): 161-6.

  13. Jensen E. The hemiplegic shoulder. Scand J Rehabil Med Suppl 1980; 7: 113-9.

  14. Cailliet R. The shoulder in hemiplegia. Philadelphia: FA Davis Co; 1980.

  15. Rizk TE, Christopher RP, Pinals RS et al. Arthrographic studies in painful hemiplegic shoulders. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1984; 65(5): 254-6.

  16. Cailliet R. The shoulder in the hemiplegic patient. In: Co FD, ed. Shoulder Pain. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: FA Davis Co; 1991: 193-226.

  17. Benaglia P. Emiplegia: se l'omero scende e la spalla duole. Ricerca in riabilitazione 1995; (3): 8-10.

  18. Giaquinto S. La riabilitazione dell'ictus cerebrale. Roma: Ed. Marrapese, 1991: 203-208, 385-411, 423, 428-432.

  19. Prevost R, Arsenault AB, Dutil E et al. Shoulder subluxation in hemiplegia: a radiologic correlational study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1987; 68 (11): 782-5.

  20. Prevost R, Arsenault AB, Dutil E et al. Rotation of the scapula and shoulder subluxation in hemiplegia. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1987; 68 (11): 786-90.

  21. Culham EG, Noce RR, Bagg SD. Shoulder complex position and glenohumeral subluxation in hemiplegia. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1995; 76 (9): 857-64.

  22. Teasell R. The painful hemiplegic shoulder. Physical medicine and rehabilitation: state of the art reviews 1998; 12 (3): 489-500.

  23. Faghri PD, Rodgers MM, Glaser RM et al. The effects of functional electrical stimulation on shoulder subluxation, arm function recovery, and shoulder pain in hemiplegic stroke patients. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1994; 75 (1): 73-9.

  24. Lance JW. Pyramidal and extrapyramidal disorders. In: Shahani DT, ed. Electromyography in CNS disorders: central EMG. Boston: Butterworth Heinemann; 1984: 1-19.

  25. Knuttson E. Analysis of gait and isokinetic movements for evaluation of antispastic drugs and physical therapies. In: Desmedt J, ed. Motor control mechanisms in health and disease. New York: Raven Press; 1983: 1013-34.

  26. Mayer N, Esquenazi A, Childers M. Common patterns of clinical motor dysfunction. Muscle & Nerve 1997; 20 (suppl. 6): S21-S35.

  27. Burke D. Spasticity as an adaptation to pyramidal tract injury. Adv Neurol 1988; (47): 401-23.

  28. Herman R. The myotatic reflex: clinico-physiological aspects of spasticity and contracture. Brain 1970; (93): 273-312.

  29. Brunstrom S. Movement therapy in hemiplegia: a neurophysiological approach. New York: Harper & Row; 1970.

  30. Mayer NH. Clinicophysiologic concepts of spasticity and motor dysfunction in adults with an upper motoneuron lesion. Muscle Nerve Suppl 1997; 6: S1-13.

There are no translations available.